Three Types of Learning - Comparison: 
  Science NotScience PseudoScience BiasScience
1. Use of Trial and Error (T&E) Experimentation and Learning to Gain Knowledge T&E experimentation is a significant component of legitimate science.  There are two additional aspects, however:
1. Controls to minimize personal biases from influencing the design and interpretation of experiments
2. The construction of theories which enable knowledge gained from experiments to be used to design additional experiments.
T&E experimentation is a significant component of NotScience. Everyone uses the methods of T&E to evaluate whether the specific NotScience knowledge works for them individually or for their community. For most of the NotScience categories, (Politics, Religion, Arts, Laws, Ethics, Philosophy, etc.) experimentation can be used to generate new knowledge, but unlike science, there is no way to independently, impartially validate that information or the conclusions drawn from it. T&E experimentation is the only component of PseudoScience - there are no controls. If some trial or experiment seems to solve a given problem that's the only thing that matters. If the trial actually produces a legitimate solution, great. If not -- if the presumed solution was not the real solution and only seemed to work -- there are no processes in place to identify the problem or correct the error. T&E experimentation is a significant component of BiasScience. Experimentation is done to determine which specific information is effective when presented to the public so the desired interpretation of the scientific results can be communicated successfully.
2. Dependence on Stories to Communicate Knowledge Stories (research publications) that describe the experiments and results that can be examined and duplicated by others are critical to communicating scientific knowledge and theories.  Two key components of science are building on previous knowledge of nature and exposing poorly conducted science. Stories communicate the accumulated wisdom in all the NotScience categories to others. Non verbal 'stories' can also be communicated in art and music. Personal stories about how a problem seems to have been solved are the primary method of communicating information to others. PseudoScience produces no knowledge or theories about the natural world that can be used as a foundation for future understanding. At best, observations can provide a starting point for scientific discovery. Stories convey and enhance the edited bits of scientific information selected for communication to the public.
3. Dependence on and Acceptance of Authority to Distribute & Regulate Knowledge Knowledge of the natural world/universe is transmitted as theories and natural laws.  Each discipline will have experts who are regarded as knowledgeable Authorities.  Textbooks often send the message that there is a fixed scientific Doctrine.  However, there is no ultimate authority in the realm of science.  Any theory that appears true at some point in time potentially can be modified or overturned with additional knowledge.
Consensus (collective judgment, position, and opinion) within the scientific community determines which theories in each field are accepted as valid at any given time.  That's as much Authority as legitimately allowed by the processes of science.  A Consensus evolves within any scientific specific field by rigorous examination and review by experts in the field of ALL relevant evidence.  High quality, unbiased, reproducible evidence contributes to the Consensus while poor quality, biased, one-of-a-kind studies are rejected.  By definition, then, beliefs that are presented which are contrary to the Consensus are based on evidence that has been carefully reviewed and rejected by the majority of scientists in the field.
Methods of experimental and observational science cannot be used to test or prove whether any NotScience beliefs and positions are true or false, moral or immoral, right or wrong, good or evil, beautiful or ugly. Consequently, believers in a specific position must accept their own interpretations of 'reality' or the pronouncements of some Authority or as True. In some instances a population can be forced to accept a position believed true by an Authority. Those who create claims about the natural world/universe that have not (and cannot) be independently validated by science must set themselves up as Authorities to convince others to believe in their creations. No other independent processes exist that can validate their claims. So, there are numerous self-proclaimed Authorities. There is no such thing as PseudoScientific Consensus. Those who extract and present the selected evidence to support their beliefs must establish themselves as Authorities to convince the public that their position - and not the scientific consensus - is True.
By definition the beliefs of those who practice BiasScience run counter to the Scientific Consensus. Also by definition, the evidence they believe supports their passionately held beliefs has already been evaluated by the scientific community and has been found to be NOT SUFFICIENT to change the Scientific Consensus.