Characteristics of NotScience - Summary
There are so many elements of NotScience it is difficult to provide a
generalization that covers all aspects. Below are some of the more
important characteristics, and you can see how they contrast with
science, PseudoScience and BiasScience.
- NotScience beliefs,
attributes and activities are concerned with all aspects of the
human experience EXCEPT the specific processes and
findings of science. However, NotScience beliefs are critical
to Science because they control how and why scientific knowledge is
acquired and dictate how that knowledge is interpreted and used.
Strong beliefs and biases should never influence the collection and
interpretation of evidence. It is difficult to suppress bias
and beliefs, so that is why blinded studies are very important where
knowledge involves discovering and creating an understanding of the
interaction of humans with each other, with all other elements of
the natural world and with spiritual realms.
- NotScience beliefs
and interpretations of the world are Subjective (a person's
perception of reality). However, the methods of science are
employed to accumulate Objective knowledge which is then used to support and
justify NotScience beliefs.
Ideally, Science and NotScience function in a symbiotic relationship
-- NotScience beleifs and ethics guide the scientists and provide a
moral foundation for the interpretation and application of
scientific knowledge while accurate, factual, morally neutral
scientific knowledge provides the foundation on which the physical
components of human civilization are built.
- As far as anyone can reliably
demonstrate, the natural world can only be observed, measured and tested using our 5 basic
senses (and tools that can extend them),
and this information also contributes to our NotScience understanding of
the world. Much of NotScience, though, involves personal, internal
reactions to events happening within the natural world - belief,
disbelief; happy, sad; fearful, confident; moral and artistic
feelings and judgments. These reactions cannot be judged by
the methods of science. Similarly, the validity of any
spiritual beliefs cannot be judged (or tested) by the methods of
- It is difficult to
make generalization about the Transparency of NotScience beliefs and
activities since the category covers so many disparate areas of
human activity and belief. Most NotScience assumes the
consistency and predictability of nature (or the spiritual realm),
however. Similarly, the concept of reproducibility of results,
as use in the description of Science, does not apply to NotScience.
- NotScience is a Human Endeavor - Consequently:
beliefs and activities are afflicted with human eccentricities.
- NotScience is often messy.
- All sorts of evidence - some scientific and some not - is used to support the various beliefs and
activities within the NotScience realm.
- It is impossible to describe Consensus within the NotScience
realm. However, typically
individual groups like
those with specific political, religious, artistic, philosophical,
etc. beliefs and goals will have a Consensus of beliefs within the
- In the realm of
NotScience, belief in the permanence of knowledge, and the manner it
might be subject to change, is extremely variable and depends
exclusively on the group. Some beliefs constantly change (like
many artistic endeavors), some have beliefs that are a bit more
fixed (like law and politics), and some are relatively unchanging
(like many religions).
- Specific moral
beliefs are a central component of (and define) many NotScience
- The complexity of
beliefs about the working of the natural and spiritual realms varies
with the NotScience endeavor, and consequently no generalizations
can be made.